What is an operating system?
An operating system is the set of software (system software)
A operating system (SO) is the structure that supports and manages all programs and parts of a computer. It's him software responsible for managing the resources of the hadware from your team, and allows you to interact and give orders to your computer. It is a set of programs that allows you to manage memory, Disk, storage media and the different peripherals or resources of our computer, what the keyboard is like, The Mouse, the printer, the network board, among others.
The operating system is the intermediary between the user and the hadware. Early versions of computers had no operating systems, but they used batch processing. In the 1960s it was when operating systems began to develop. Although by the 1980s some well-known, from the 1990s on, these programs became more flexible and strong.
Functions of an operating system
- Manage random access memory and run applications, designating the necessary resources.
- Manage the CPU thanks to a programming algorithm.
- Address data inputs and outputs (through drivers) via input or output peripherals.
- Manage information for the proper functioning of the PC.
- Direct usage authorizations for users.
- Manage files.
Sistema operativo Windows
The Windows OS was created by Microsoft in 1985 and it's the most used in the world
Windows is an operating system developed and distributed by Microsoft in 1985. From the outset, two parallel systems were developed: Windows for home use with great multimedia options and Windows Professional with greater security and interaction with networks. Windows is the almost standard operating system in the world, the most widespread among users and professional environments.
Microsoft Windows can be defined as a set of programs that enables the management of a computer's resources. This type of system starts working when the equipment is turned on to manage the hardware starting from the most basic levels.
Microsoft began distributing the MS-DOS operating system. Currently not only distributes the Windows operating system, but they've even made it to video game consoles with their XBOX 360, and sell other types of Software, like the Office. Among its main applications are the Internet Explorer browser, Windows Media Media Player, Paint image editor and WordPad word processor.
From 1895 versions of Windows have now been released
The first versions of Windows on the market emerged as graphical add-ons to the DOS operating system. The novelty was the incorporation of the control panel. From 1985 Microsoft has now released many versions of Windows, being the oldest is Windows 1, while the latest is Windows 10. Versions with better or worse acceptance among users and that have been incorporating more or less news and improvements
It was released in October 2001. It is Microsoft's first consumer-oriented operating system to be built with a Windows NT core and architecture available in two versions: one for platforms 32 bits and another for platforms 64 Bit.
Windows XP introduced new features such as the use of a new, easier-to-use interface, the ability to use multiple user accounts at once and the ability to group similar applications in the taskbar.
It was released in October 2009 and in its origins was conceived as a kind of Update of Windows Vista. Stand out for the new taskbar design, leaving it wider and with a more elegant icon system, and for offering a redesigned interface
This version is designed for PC use, including desktops in homes and offices, Laptops, Tablet PC, netbooks and media center equipment. It has significant improvements in OS performance and especially because W7 marked the debut of Windows Touch, that allows you to explore the web from touch screens.
Adds support for ARM microprocessors, in addition to traditional x86 microprocessors from Intel and AMD. Its user interface has been modified to make it more suitable for use with touch screens, in addition to the traditional mouse and keyboard. The Aero Glass effect of its Predecessor Windows 7 is not present in this operating system, being replaced by new flat effects for windows and buttons with a simple color.
Appears in July 2015. It has a large set of applications, a modern interface with great performance and that also, it's cross-platform, allows it to be used on computers and mobile devices. Among its innovations we have the use of universal applications, the new Edge browser, the great prominence of his assistant Cortana, the new System Settings page, timeline or the return of the Start menu.
Advantages and disadvantages of Windows
The positive and negative of the Windows operating system
Within the big Windows benefits we can mention the following: wide variety of equipment and attachments for virtually any use imaginable. Availability and compatibility with almost all existing software. It has the largest catalog of compatibility and therefore games that exist, very few games in the world for PC don't have version for Windows. It is possible to use it for free, even if it's in version with limitations, which doesn't limit the power to play, surfing the Internet or working with it.
On the contrary, Between its downsides Found: being the most widespread on the market is the most attacked and dangerous operating system, The Hackers and crackers, Virus, Trojans, Worms, spies and Malware of any kind stalk Windows computers all the time. The interface changes Microsoft makes every few years can cause your hardware become half obsolete (u completely obsolete) to be able to enjoy it properly.
Sistema operativo Mac OS
The Mac OS was created by Apple in 1895
The Mac OS saw the light also in 1895. It was created by Apple, that also manufactures specific hardware for your computers, reason that is at the origin of its exclusivity and high price. This operating system is based on the work carried out by NeXT in the 1990s 80 and the 90, a tech company that was founded by Steve Jobs. It is known for being the first system to have a graphical interface composed of the interaction of the Mouse with windows, Icon and menus.
Macintosh (Mac) is the line of personal computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple. The Macintosh 128K, named after their 128 KiB de memoria RAM, was the first computer to incorporate a graphical mouse interface, instead of a command line. Apple's goal was to move professional computing to the home realm, at an affordable price for the American average.
Latest versions of Mac OS X (2015-2020)
Newer versions of Mac OS bring new features to the operating system
From its initial version to the present day, countless new features have been added to the macOS operating system, in response to new technologies and the demand of their users.
Its most current versions are:
- Mac OS 10.12 "Nice stay" (2016): This version included a "Universal" clipboard for all Apple devices, a virtual assistant called Siri and the Apple Pay app to make payments from the web.
- Mac OS 10.13 "Great stay" (2017): The version 10.13 offered the option to choose the write format for hard drives and improvements in system performance.
- Mac OS 10.14 "Nice stay" (2018): This release introduced additional interface components and new applications such as voice notes, among others.
- Mac OS 10.15 "Nice stay" (2019): supports only applications 64 Bit, does not offer technical support and is currently in force.
Mac OS pros and cons
Benefits and weaknesses of the Mac OS operating system
Advantages: Apple designs both its software like his hardware, which allows them to have absolute compatibility and functionability. The Mac OS interface is easier to understand at first glance. They are not usually the goal of Hackers and viruses, so they turn out to be safer equipment. Accessories such as Bluetooth, wifi or others, already integrated into the equipment and in the case of laptops the batteries are usually more durable.
Disadvantages: their equipment and products in general are exaggeratedly expensive. Like his hardware it's exclusive, it's almost impossible to come up with generic alternatives, which makes you have to pay high prices to replace it. It has no compatibility with most games. Many elements of your software are more than a decade old and cause a sense of lack of innovation.
Linux operating system: pros and cons
The Linux operating system is the least well-known of all
The Linux operating system was created by a Finn in 1991. It is the cheapest and has the largest network of software Free. It is the one that consumes the least resources and therefore provides the highest performance, so many companies use it to manage and carry servers. However, it has almost no commercial software and is the most incompatible with current games. It's virtually impossible to find support for problems.
PC or MAC, which one to buy?
Which to choose between a PC or Mac
Choose between PC or MAC depends on the features and usage you want to give your team. After seeing the pros and cons of each operating system we can assure you that none is perfect. The good thing is that you have several options to choose from considering how much you want (And you can) Spend, what you want to do and what software you feel most comfortable with.
If you want the computer for office tasks, the two options are excellent. In the case of very demanding video games you have to opt for the PC. And if you're thinking of setting up your own music studio at home, maybe it's more advisable to buy a Mac.